Farming can be a very unpredictable occupation, given that a good harvest and profitability is dependent on a lot of factors often beyond a farmer’s control such as climatic variations, water availability, pests and diseases, price fluctuations and so on. Greenhouses, with their ability to offset a lot of these factors, play a major role in making farming a gainful vocation even in the harshest of environments and climates. No wonder greenhouse farming has become increasingly popular the world over.
Greenhouses give cultivators a lot of control over environment conditions like temperature, humidity, lighting etc. They can be engineered to create complete microclimates thus providing optimal growing conditions for each crop’s needs resulting in high yield, more crop cycles and year-round harvests. Even in harsh winters, intense summers or desert conditions, high quality crops can be grown in greenhouses. Being a controlled space, it is easier to ward off pests, weeds and diseases.
Greenhouses allow for most efficient delivery of water and fertilisers with utilisation of high-tech automated irrigation systems and are ideal for modern farming technologies like hydroponics, aeroponics and vertical farming. Best suited for growing vegetables, fruits and flowers they have proven to substantially increase yields irrespective of seasons thus maximising profits. With production risks reduced significantly, greenhouses make for improved livelihoods and food security.
Depending on needs and affordability, farmers can set up simple, inexpensive greenhouses that can be used for seedling germination, or sophisticated ones for delicate, high value crops that need tailored micro-ecosystems year round for optimum growth.